Showing posts with label history. Show all posts
Showing posts with label history. Show all posts

Monday, 29 October 2012

Aboriginal rock engravings

Excavations at an old industrial site, a coal loader, at Waverton, unearthed several Aboriginal rock engravings. Read more here

Canon PowershotG12 28 Oct 10:47am

Thursday, 26 January 2012

Australia Day: Invasion to Reconciliation (Parramatta)

These images are part of the walkway along the Parramatta River.

On 26 January 1788, the First Fleet under Captain Arthur Phillip arrived in Sydney Cove. Parramatta, 23 kilometres west, was also established in 1788, after food growing failed in the poor soils around Sydney Cove. The indigenous Dharug people had known this as an area of rich food resources for thousands of years. It is the point where salt water becomes fresh, so also useful for farming.

Baludarri the Young Warrior, from Parramatta, befriended Governor Phillip and lived at Government House in Sydney from late 1790 to early 1791. He then left to return to Parramatta for a seasonal fishing trip, and encouraged by Phillip began to trade fish with new European residents of Parramatta.  

While fishing, convicts destroyed his fishing canoe. Phillip intervened and promised that the convicts would be punished if Baludarri did not kill a white man.  However, enraged at the act, Baludarri sought traditional revenge and speared a convict. Phillip learned of this and ordered Baludarri be outlawed and shot. Phillip later relented when he learned Baludarri had a fever. Baludarri died in late 1791 and was buried in the Governor's garden.

Between 1791 an 1805 a guerilla war was fought between Aboriginal people and whites. Aboriginal people defended their land ferociously from the appropriation following invasion. However, the arms available to the colonists ensured battle superiority. As well, the smallpox (an introduced disease ) epidemic of 1789 hit the Indigenous people very hard.

One leader, Pemulwuy, speared and killed Governor Phillip's gamekeeper, in revenge for the gamekeeper killing a large number of Aboriginal people. Phillip dispatched 50 soldiers with orders to bring back the hearts of any 6 men belonging to Pemulwuy's group. 

Pemulwuy led a series of attacks on farms. He was ambushed and killed in 1802. 


In 1805, local Indigenous representatives and a settler, John Kennedy, initiated a 'Peace conference' at Parramatta. It was described as 'a conference with a view of opening a way to Reconciliation.' This was one of the earliest uses of the word in Australia - a first attempt at Reconciliation of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Australia.

This goal remains one to strive for.

Sunday, 30 January 2011

Logo blast from the past

AMPOL was an Australian owned petroleum company, which was, according to Wikipedia, established in 1936 in response to Australians' concerns about perceived inequitable petrol pricing, and allegations of transfer pricing by foreign oil companies to limit their tax liabilities in Australia.

I hadn't seen its logo for years, until I spotted this shade tent at Bexley Swimming Centre.

It merged with Caltex in 1997, but the brand apparently still exists, mainly in country areas.

Sunday, 5 September 2010

South Head Signal Station

The lookout was established on 20 January 1790 by Captain John Hunter of H.M.S. Sirius, flagship of the First Fleet to signal the colony of Sydney Cove of any vessels arriving off the port.

A flagstaff and timber huts were placed on site for crew members of the Sirius, who were placed in charge.

The present ston ebuilding was designed by colonial architect, Mortimer Lewis and erected by convict labour in about 1840 to replace the wooden huts.

The station is now staffed by members of the Australian Volunteer Coast Guard.
See and read more here, at Louise's blog : 52 suburbs.

Wednesday, 28 July 2010

Cockatoo Island Part 4

Great to see this piece of industrial or maritime worker graffiti preserved. Tribune was the weekly newspaper of the Communist Party of Australia. It ceased publication in 1991 when the Party was dissolved. Maritime activity finished on Cockatoo Island in 1992.

Sunday, 25 July 2010

Sydney Biennale - Cockatoo Island 1

Cockatoo Island, largest island in Sydney Harbour, former colonial prison, and one of Australia's largest shipyards in the 20th century. Lots of colonial heritage building (submitted for World Heritage Listing) and more recent maritime industrial buildings. And one of the venues of art installations in the Sydney Biennale. We're going to visit over the next couple of weeks.

Wednesday, 14 July 2010

Le quartorze juillet

The Sydney suburb of Matraville contains many streets named after significant locations where ANZACs fought during World War One. Anzac Parade is a major Sydney artery. It was named in 1917 to commemorate the occasion when the AIF (Australian Infantry Forces) camped at Kensington Racecourse and paraded down that road on their way to embark for overseas service. Others streets include Amiens, Ypres, Pozieres, Menin, Flanders, Amiens, Bullecourt, Bapaume, Hamel, Armentieres. The local public school is called Soldiers Settlement.

I especially like the blue plates, commemorating in French the significance of the name, and reminiscent of the street name plates of France.

From the Randwick City Council web site:
"In 1917 a gift of 72.5 acres of Crown land, described as 'the waste sand hills beyond Daceyville, was made available for returned soldiers from World War I. A Voluntary Workers Association formed and between 1918 and 1925 some 93 homes were built, south west of Anzac Parade and Beauchamp Road, as the Matraville Soldiers' Garden Village... The houses eventually passed to the State Housing Board. In 1977 despite local protests, all but one of the cottages was demolished and the site redeveloped. The surrounding streets recall battlefields and sites of World War I."

Thursday, 25 March 2010

Skittle Lane

Skittle Lane - where it looks like the cyclists have already been skittled!
The lane, between Kent and Clarence Streets was where wharfies and soldiers once enjoyed beer and skittles. The name was suggested by Sydney city historian, Shirley Fitzgerald.

It is now waiting for a make-over, with public art, cafes and small bars to be encouraged.

Pyrmont resident Glen Wall has pleaded with the council to restore the cobblestones in Skittle Lane and for contractors to sensitively maintain the lane’s heritage.

It was a place of boarding houses, pubs, and "nefarious activities", and by 1879, a skittle ground between two pubs, the Star of Peace and the White Hart.

Thursday, 22 October 2009

Woolwich Dock

When it opened in 1901, Woolwich Dock was the largest in Australia.

It was in deep water, and close to Cockatoo Isalnd, the major shipbuilding and repair centre in Sydney Harbour.

Labourers spent four years carving the dock into solid sandstone. Horses pulled carts loaded with earth and stone, and grazed nearby (in an area still called 'Horse Paddock' today).

The dock operated until 1958, repairing and maintaining a range of vessels from tall ships to steamships and large naval vessels.

Tomorrow: A closer look at that sandstone overhang up at the end.

Monday, 10 August 2009

Paddington Reservoir Garden - a bit of history Part II

Above: The roof of the park collapsed in 1990. Debate raged about what to do with the site. In 2006, work commenced to ensure conservation and adaptive reuse of the site.

Below: Enjoying the garden today. Juniper Hall is in the background, across Oxford St.

I think it is an excellent regeneration of an urban space.

Sunday, 9 August 2009

Paddington Reservoir Garden - a bit of history Part I

OK, so I didn't take the black and white photo - though I did take a photo of the photo from the information boards around Paddington Reservoir Gardens. I featured this restored water reservoir / garden over three days (4, 5, 6 August). Here's some more about the history of this garden.

Top: 2 Oct 1964. The reservoir was sold to Paddington Council in 1934. From then until 1990 the western chamber was leased to a commercial garage operator. The Water Board leased the eastern chamber as its garage annexe and store. The reservoir was roofed for the first time to create a public reserve. Popular music concerts were held here. This looks like it was taken from Juniper Hall, across Oxford Street.

Below: Taken looking into the reservoir from Oxford Street. Juiniper Hall is across the road behind me.

More tomorrow.